While they play a vital role in harvesting the food on our plates, farm worker women are arguably the most exploited workers in this country, even more vulnerable than male farm workers. Females in the fields are often given the least desired, lowest-paying jobs, are the first to be laid off, receive fewer opportunities to advance, and face a culture of discrimination and machismo in the workplace. In other words, female farm workers endure nearly all the issues male farm workers face, as well as some that are largely unique, such as sexual harassment, pregnancy and gender discrimination, and the extra responsibility of being the primary caregivers of children. The few rights that female farm workers do hold can be violated merely based on gender discrimination. For instance, the Southern Poverty Law Center reports that some employers take advantage of married women to evade extra payments like Social Security. Above all, this illegal practice also robs women of financial autonomy, giving their husbands an unjust amount of power.
Strengthening capacity in institutions of higher education in Ethiopia to improve family food security and livelihood through a community service outreach program for women in agriculture. Food insecurity is a major barrier to development in Ethiopia. Women in particular face many challenges that hinder agricultural productivity, such as competing household responsibilities, access to training and resources, and smaller pools of labor. According to FAO , if women had equal access to agricultural resources and services, food security would be greatly improved and societies would grow richer, and not only in economic terms. It is necessary to help women in the agriculture sector improve their economic and administrative productivity at the household level so as to enhance the food security of the family in terms of both diet quantity and quality throughout the year.
Nearly one in five farmers are women, with the number rising all the time. We ask four of them about their lives, work and a year of challenges. O n 23 March, the night lockdown was announced, Catherine St Germans was on a Zoom call with farmers, policymakers and activists. There was a sense of foreboding, as they became aware that lockdown would have a catastrophic effect on UK farms.